- Birthplace: Bhagalpur, Bihar and Orissa, British India
Chhaya Devi (Bengali: ছায়া দেবী) (1914–2001) was an Indian film actress. She has acted in hundreds of Bengali and Hindi language movies for over five decades and played many character roles. Her first lead role was in Sonar Sansar (1936), directed by Debaki Bose, and later with Bidyapati (1937) she received acclaim and went on to act in notable films like, Nirjan Saikate (1963), Hatey Bazarey (1967) and Apanjan (1968) by Tapan Sinha, Saptapadi (1961), Uttar Falguni (1963), Antony Firingee (1967), in Bengali, Alaap (1977) in Hindi, which also starred Amitabh Bachchan.
She was first cousin of actor Ashok Kumar's wife Shobha Ganguly, thus related to the Ganguly family.